Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye
- (d. 1782)Ukrainian Hasidic scholar. He was a rabbi at Sharagrod, but left his position after he became a follower of the Baal Shem Tov. Later he served as a rabbi at Rashkov, Nemirov and Polonnoye. His Toledot Yaakov Yoseph is a primary source for the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov; it led the Vilna Gaon, Elijah ben Soloman Zalmon, to issue a ban against the Hasidim. His other works include the biblical commentaries Ben Porat Yoseph, Tzaphenat Paneah, and Ketonet Passim.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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Jacob Joseph Of Polonnoye — ▪ Polish rabbi in full Jacob Joseph Ben Tzevi Ha kohen Katz Of Polonnoye died c. 1782 rabbi and preacher, the first theoretician and literary propagandist of Jewish Ḥasidism. Jacob Joseph was a rabbi in the large Jewish community… … Universalium
JACOB JOSEPH BEN ẒEVI HA-KOHEN KATZ OF POLONNOYE — JACOB JOSEPH BEN ẒEVI HA KOHEN KATZ OF PO LONNOYE (D.C. 1782), rabbi and preacher; the first theoretician of Ḥasidism. Jacob Joseph, whose birthplace is unknown, became rabbi of Shargorod, the second largest community of Podolia. In 1741 he came… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
JACOB SAMSON OF SHEPETOVKA — (d. 1801), rabbi and ḥasidic leader. A celebrated talmudist, he served as rabbi of Shepetovka, Slavuta, and Bar. He was a disciple of dov baer of mezhirech and phinehas shapiro of korets . His reputation for scholarship advanced the cause of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
POLONNOYE — POLONNOYE, town in the Khmelnitski (Proskurov) district, Ukraine. Jews are mentioned in 1601, and by the middle of the century it was an important community in volhynia . In 1648, the time of the chmielnicki massacres , when the Cossack armies… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Gedaliah ibn Yahya ben Joseph — (c. 1515 – c. 1587) (Hebrew: גדליה בן יוסף אבן יחייא) was a talmudist born at Imola, Italy. He studied in the yeshibah at Ferrara under Jacob Finzi and Abraham Rovigo and Israel Rovigo. In 1549 he settled in Rovigo, where he remained until 1562,… … Wikipedia
Guedalya ben Joseph ibn Yahya — est un talmudiste et chroniqueur italien (Imola, 1515 Alexandrie (?), c. 1587). Éléments biographiques Il étudie à l école talmudique de Ferrare sous la férule de Jacob Finzi, Avraham et Israël Rovigo. Il s installe ensuite dans la ville de… … Wikipédia en Français
ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ISRAEL BEN ELIEZER BA'AL SHEM TOV — (known by the initials of Ba al Shem Tov as Besht; c. 1700–1760), charismatic founder and first leader of Ḥasidism in Eastern Europe. (See Chart: Ba al Shem Tov Family). Through oral traditions handed down by his pupils (jacob joseph of Polonnoye … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BIOGRAPHIES AND AUTOBIOGRAPHIES — Apart from the Book of nehemiah , which may well be considered an autobiography, josephus apologetic Vita, and hagiographic works, autobiographies and biographies are completely unknown among Jews in ancient times. The first biography known is… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
LUNIETZ (Ilintsky), GEDALIAH BEN ISSAC OF — (d. 1785), ḥasidic preacher and ẓaddik in Ukraine, son of a dayyan in Polonnoye. An ardent preacher who stirred his listeners, Gedaliah was one of the sources of ḥasidic legend. His mentors in Ḥasidism were dov baer the Maggid of Mezhirech and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism